I think it’s important each of us be precise in our choice on how we represent the facts, so that our opponents cannot show that we somehow misconstrued or twisted the facts to support our view. In the Georgia bill, it certainly does not allow prosecutors to charge and jail any woman for having any miscarriage. As far as I can tell, this theory stems from one Slate article that’s been passed around; Business Insider put it this way: “The law would appear to have implications far beyond those directly addressed in its text. State prosecutors, for example, might be able to charge women whose pregnancies end in miscarriage with second-degree murder, which carries a sentence of 10 to 30 years, if they can prove the miscarriage was a result of the woman’s own conduct, like drug or alcohol use, as Slate argued.”
We can disagree with the premise of those who support or authored the bill, but even if they put language in the bill — which it does not appear they did — allowing prosecution of a woman who induced her own miscarriage, it is at the very least consistent with the view that a fetus is a valuable human life. If it’s a valuable human being, then doing anything irresponsible that results in another human being’s death is going to be punishable. But if a woman’s body simply cannot sustain the pregnancy for natural reasons and miscarries, this bill does not offer grounds for punishing that woman. I think you’d agree that’s an important distinction to make.